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With the development of information and other technologies, the society has become increasingly complex and vulnerable. We live in a high-risk society. The positive aspects of development also bring several strongly negative consequences that can, in their extreme form, present an increasing threat to individual, national or international security. The remarkable development of technology has certainly facilitated progress in all segments of the functioning of the society. However, the dependence of the society on the functioning of technological systems is strong; a minor system malfunction might have important consequences for the functioning of the society. For this reason, the reliance on the functioning of this infrastructure has obvious direct and indirect impacts on its threat and represents a tempting target for international terrorist operations. Due to this interdependence, terrorist operations, which used to have local dimensions in the past, are now taking on new global dimensions.  The complexity of international relations and the functioning of the international system make national security systems interact with the international environment. In fact, contemporary terrorism has helped the international community recognize it as a global phenomenon that requires global response at different levels, including the international, national and local levels, in every small social community. Since terrorist activities are not confined to national borders, the international community can fight terrorism effectively only with the improvement of measures in the area of cooperation, organisation, solidarity between countries, initiatives combining different strategies and mechanisms, and specifically with an increased exchange of information that are important for countering this global problem.
Critical infrastructure is not threatened only by international terrorism. There are other direct threats to it, such as natural and man-made disasters and other deviant acts intentionally performed by external or internal bodies in the process of its functioning. In this respect, there are serious dilemmas facing individual countries in protecting and defining critical infrastructure necessary for the functioning of the entire society. The solutions are influenced by various factors which affect their adoption and implementation. They mostly concern dilemmas connected to the public and private sector relationship on the one hand, and the significance of an individual domain, on the other. Naturally, it is in the interest of the countries and the international community to identify the essential infrastructure, the malfulfunction of which might have harmful consequences for the functioning of this society, seriously disturbing or even preventing its functioning or existence. On the one hand, different authorities of a country seek to identify individual critical factors, and hence also the associated processes or factors, based on a wide approach, often without recognizing financial implications. On the other hand, there is the private sector, usually the operator or sometimes also the owner of individual critical infrastructure segments, which approaches the problem of protection of these capabilities, primarily from the economic point of view and disfavours major investments in adequate protection of the infrastructure without financial involvement of the state. This problem grows even more complex at the international level, involving national and political interests of individual countries in addition to the above-mentioned relationships. All is very strongly linked with the financial resources these complex processes require for their appropriate regulation.

The regional cooperation represented by the 4th International Regional Conference titled “Counter-Terrorism Challenges in South Eastern Europe” and focused specifically on “Critical Infrastructure Protection – Today and Tomorrow” brings additional qualities to the process of fighting terrorism, which are reflected in the following aspects:

-    acquisition of new knowledge and experience in the subject area concerned;
-    mutual exchange of views and transfer of good practices;
-    meeting of experts from academic and operational levels, expanding the network of their contacts necessary for successful international and regional cooperation in fighting terrorism and managing risks related to critical infrastructure.

In terms of its contents, the conference will primarily address national and international mechanisms of coordination and interagency cooperation in the processes of  critical infrastructure protection.


-    Dr. Ljubica JELUŠIČ – Minister of Defence

-    Mr. Joseph A. Mussomeli – US Ambassador to Slovenia
-    Brigadier Bojan POGRAJC, MSc – Commander of the Doctrine, Development, Education and Training Command
-    Damir ČRNČEC, PhD – Director of the Intelligence and Security Service of the Slovenian MoD
-    Mr Roland ŽEL – Director-General of the Defence Affairs Directorate
-    Capt Paul SHEMELLA (retired) – Center for Civilian-Military Relations in Monterey (CCMR)
-    Miran VRŠEC, MSc – Director of the Institute for Corporate Security Studies


-    Denis ČALETA, PhD, Military Specialist XIV. Class
-    Mrs Irena ČUFAR – U.S. ODC
-    Lt Col Janez DOLINAR
-    Maj Gregor GARB
-    Mrs Carmen KOS
-    Lt Branko HARTMAN

-    Mr Janez ILNIKAR

-    Mrs Alenka ČARNI