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With the development of information and other technologies, the society is becoming increasingly complex and vulnerable. We live in a society of increasing risks, since the positive aspects of development also bring about a number of strongly negative consequences that can, in their extreme form, pose a growing threat to individual, national or international security. The unimagined development of information technology has certainly facilitated the progress in all segments of the society. However, the society’s dependence on the functioning of information technology systems has placed it in the position of strong dependence, where a minor system malfunction can have a big impact on the functioning of the society. Cyber risks play an important role in this respect. They have recently become a burning issue in the provision of national and international security. This phenomenon is not strictly limited to the treat of international terrorism, but it includes the intertwining of organised crime and other related threats. For this reason, the reliance on the functioning of this infrastructure appears to have direct and indirect implications for the threat posed to society and represents a tempting target for international terrorist operations. As a result of this interdependence, terrorist operations that used to be local in nature are now taking on new global dimensions.  The complexity of international relations and the functioning of the international system force national security systems to interact with the international environment. In fact, contemporary terrorism has helped the international community to recognize it as a global phenomenon requiring a global response at different levels, including the international, national and local levels, in every little social community. As terrorist activities are not confined to national borders, the international community can only fight terrorism effectively by improving the measures related to cooperation, organisation, solidarity between countries, initiatives combining different strategies and mechanisms, and specifically through enhanced exchange of information that are important for countering this global problem.

An effective exchange of information and intelligence remains one of the key requirements directly affecting the efficiency of counter-terrorism process. Despite the big steps recently achieved by the international community, this process still offers room for improvement and increased quality as well as the intelligence flow rate. Even within national security systems, the exchange of intelligence has for various reasons not attained the desired level of efficiency. If the process of intelligence exchange is put against the background of the transfer being dependent on the use of information and communication technology on the one hand and the constitutional and legal restrictions concerning the violation of the individual’s privacy on the other, one can quickly establish that this subject matter is leaving us with a series of unresolved dilemmas, which should urgently be resolved in order to ensure a more effective collection, exchange and use of intelligence. The management of intelligence and coordination of measures taken by national security bodies at the national and international levels represent a significant organizational challenge and require from the strategic management to integrate new knowledge and experiences, as well as to implement best practices established in individual comparable environments.

International cooperation as an underlying driver of the 6th international regional conference entitled »Challenges of Countering Terrorism in the Region of Southeast Europe«, focusing on the topic of » Intelligence and Combating Terrorism- Regional Perspectives«, brings additional qualities to the counter terrorism process and these reflect in the following aspects:

-    Acquisition of new knowledge and experiences in the subject matter;
-    Mutual exchange of views and transfer of best practices;
-    Networking among various experts from academic and operation spheres providing contacts that are necessary for the collection, processing, use and exchange of intelligence and information necessary for successful regional cooperation in the field of counter terrorism.

The conference will focus mainly on national and international mechanisms of coordination, as well as exchange of intelligence in the counter terrorism process.